ऎकाष्ठीली  - Cissampelos pareira


Name - पाठा

Botanical name - Cissampelos pareira

Description - Twining perennial shrub; leaves reniform, orbicular or cordate, 4.5 by 6.5 cm, peltate, chartaceous, 5- to 7-nerved, pubescent, base cordate or truncate; male inflorescence pendent type; flowers greenish; female inflorescence in thyroid clusters; fruits red when ripe, subtended by the conspicuous auricular bracts

Chemical Constituents- Root and stem contain hayatin, L-curine and d-isochondrodendrine. Root bark contains 11 quaternary alkaloids, 3 named as menismine, cossamine and pareirine, I-bebeerine, hyatinin, hayatin and isochondrodendrine, 5 tertiary alkaloids, alkaloid (++)-4"-O-methylcurine isolated. Plant extract contains saponin Leaves and stem contain alkaloids laudanosine, nuciferine, bulbocarpine, corytoberine and magnoflorine. Leaves contain cycleanine, bebeerine, hayatidin, hayatin and quercitol

Use - Root diuretic, antiperiodic, purgative, used in dyspepsia, dropsy and urinary troubles. The drug is bitter, Antiperiodic, diuretic and purgative. It is used in dyspepsia, Dropsy, coughs and cystitis.

Medicinal plants of India ; Ayurveda

Encyclopedia of Indian Medicinal Plants/Herbs mainly using in Ayurveda with good quality pictures and information like therapeutic usage of Medicinal Plants, cultivation, morphology, habitat, flower characters, Chemical content, parts used, research works etc.

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