Jupha  (Hyssopus officinalis)


  hyssop is a shrub in the Lamiaceae or mint family native to Southern Europe, the Middle East, and the region surrounding the Caspian Sea. Due to its purported properties as an antiseptic, cough reliever, and expectorant, it has been used in traditional herbal medicine.

Jupha- Hyssopus officinalis is a plant used for the treatment of swelling, constipation, distention of the abdomen, intestinal worms, hepatomegaly, cough and rhinitis. 

Latin name- Hyssopus officinalis Linn.



A plant called hyssop has been being used since old style relic. Its name is an immediate adjustment from the Greek ὕσσωπος (hyssopos). The Hebrew word אזוב (ezov, esov, or esob) and the Greek word ὕσσωπος most likely offer a typical (yet obscure) inception. The name hyssop shows up as an interpretation of ezov in certain interpretations of the Bible, quite in Psalms 51:7: "Cleanse me with hyssop, and I will be spotless", however scientists have recommended that the Biblical records allude not to the plant presently known as hyssop but instead to one of various spices, including Origanum syriacum (Syrian oregano, regularly alluded to as "book of scriptures hyssop"). 1 Kings 4:33 notices that 'ezov' was a little plant and a few researchers trust it was a divider plant. It was ignited with the Red Heifer (Numbers 19:6) and utilized for sanitization of pariahs (Leviticus 14:4-6, Leviticus 14:49-51; Numbers 19:18), and at Passover it was utilized to sprinkle the blood of the symbol of atonement on the doorposts (Exodus 12:22).[10] A wipe appended to a hyssop branch was utilized to give Jesus on the cross a beverage of vinegar.

Proposals proliferate for the cutting edge relationship of scriptural hyssop going from a divider plant like greenery or plant, to broadly utilized culinary spices like thyme, rosemary or marjoram. Another recommendation is the trick plant which is known to develop in the rough soils of the area and along dividers.

Hyssop was additionally utilized for purgation (strict cleansing) in Egypt, where, as per Chaeremon the Stoic, the clerics used to eat it with bread so as to sanitize this sort of food and make it reasonable for their somber eating routine


Names in different languages:
Hindi name – Jupha

English name – Hyssop
Malayalam name – Isop
Urdu name – Zufah
Chinese – Ngau sat chou
Dutch – Hysop
French – Hysope, Hese saesu
German – Eisop
Greek – Issopos
Hebrew – Esuv
Hindi – Jupha,
Iceland – Isopus
Italian – Issopo
Japanese – Hissopu
Korean – Harob
Norwegian – Hissopo
Russian – Issop
Spanish – Hisopo
Swedish – Isop

Morphology of Hyssopus officinalis:

Jupha is a small plant spreading in the ground level and is found in the Himalayan belt. The stem is woody at the base, from which grow a number of straight branches. Its leaves are lanceolate, dark green in color, and from 2 to 2.5 cm (0.79 to 0.98 in) long. The leaves have small hair like structure and have a pleasant odor and bitter taste. The flowers are pinkish to purplish in color and have pleasant odor.  They bloom from July to September. The fruit is brown in color and slightly triangular in shape.



Rasa (Taste) – Katu (Pungent), Tikta (Bitter)

Guna (Qualities) – Laghu (Light for digestion), Ruksha (Dry in nature), Teekshna (Strong)
Vipaka – Katu (Undergoes Pungent taste after digestion)
Veerya (Potency) – Ushna (Hot)
Karma (Actions) – Kaphavata shamaka (reduces vitiated kapha and vata dosha)

Part used- Whole plant
Dosage- 3 to 6 g powder


Chemical constituents of Hyssopus officinalis:
Hyssop contains terpenoids, including marrubiin; a volatile oil consisting mainly of camphor, pinocamphone and beta-pinene; flavonoids, glucosides, tannins and resin. Marrubiin is a strong expectorant. The plant also contains ursolic acid, an anti-inflammatory principle. The alcoholic extract of the aerial parts at flower- ing yields an active antioxidant com- pound, rosmanol-ethyl ether. Its activity is much greater than butylated hydroxyl toluene. Pinocamphone and isopino camphone are toxic constituents of the essential oil.

जूफा तीक्ष्णा कटुतिक्ता वीर्योष्णा कफवातनुत् ।
शोथघ्नी लेखनी पित्तसारणी कृमिनाशिनी॥   ( द्र.गु.)



Gana – Traditional classification: 
Tulasyadi Varga- Adarsha Nigantu



Uses of Jupha:

  • A tea produced using the leaves is utilized in the treatment of fart, stomach hurts, upper respiratory tract diseases, and hacks in kids.
  • A poultice produced using the spice is utilized to mend wounds.
  • The glue of the leaf is applied over injury for recuperating.
  • Cold implantation of the leaf is given in a portion of 40 ml to treat hepatomegaly and fever.
  • The glue of the leaf is applied over the temple to treat rhinitis and cerebral pain.
  • New squeeze of the leaf and bloom is given in a portion of 10 ml to treat clogging and widening of mid-region.
  • The decoction of the leaf is given in a portion of 25 ml to treat intestinal worms.
  • The juice of the leaf is given with nectar to treat hack and asthma.
  • The fundamental oil is utilized in fragrant healing. This oil ought not be utilized on individuals who are exceptionally hung as it can cause epileptic manifestations. This oil ought not be utilized inside expect under expert watch.
  • Remotely utilized as a re-dissolvable especially for ecchymosis of eye and eyelids. Oil is utilized to treat cold hack and lung grumbles.


Adverse effect of Hyssop: The essential oil of the plant in excess quantity can cause increased intestinal movement and diarrhea. Apart from the above features it can also cause epileptic attack in person susceptible to strong odor.

Ayurvedic medicines containing Jupha:
Gojihwadi kashaya: It is an Ayurvedic medicine in water decoction form. It is used in the treatment of fever, cough, bronchitis, asthma etc.

P-KOF syrup: P-KOF Syrup is a proprietary Ayurvedic medicine indicated in Ayurvedic treatment of cold, cough and allergic conditions.

Research articles related to Hyssopus officinalis:

Anti- asthmatic action: It has been demonstrated that Uygur spice Hyssopus offcinalis L. could influence the degrees of certain cytokines, (for example, IL-4, IL-6, IL-17, and IFN-γ) in asthmatic mice. By identification of the outflows of MMP-9 and TIMP-1 and the morphological changes, the point of this exploration is to uncover the instrument of Uygur spice Hyssopus offcinalis L. during the time spent aviation route renovating. It is proposed that Uygur spice Hyssopus offcinalis L. could repress aviation route rebuilding by amending irregularity of MMP-9/TIMP-1 proportion. 

Ulcero protective action:  Ethanolic concentrate of Hyssopus officinalis (EEHO) at the portion of 100 and 125 mg/kg was directed to pale skinned person rodents 1 hour before the organization of ethanol. Creatures were there then relinquished and tissue homogenate was utilized for different biochemical boundaries so as to investigate the ulcero-defensive and cancer prevention agent capability of the plant. Organization of 1 ml of ethanol to expedite fasted rodents brought about expanded ulcer list, complete causticity and diminished pH. The discoveries of the investigation show that pre-treatment with EEHO has a critical ulcero-defensive and cell reinforcement action in ethanol-incited ulcers.


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