Juniperus communis Linn. var. saxatillis Palias.

Synonym I. communis auct. non L.

Family Pinaceae; Cupressaceae.


juniperus communis


Habitat Native to Europe and North America. Distributed in Western Himalayas from Kumaon westwards at 1,700—4,200 m.

English Common Juniper.

Ayurvedic Hapushaa, Havushaa, Haauber, Matsyagandha.

Unani Abahal, Haauber, Hubb-uIarar, Aarar.

Action Berries—diuretic, urinary antiseptic, carminative, digestive, sudorific, anti- inflammatory, emmenagogue. Used for acute and chronic cystitis, renal suppression (scanty micturition), catarrh of the bladder, albuminuria, amenorrhoea, leucorrhoea. Aerial parts—abortifacient.

Key application In dyspepsia. (German Commission E.) Juniper berry may increase glucose levels in diabetics. (ESCOP.) As a diuretic. (The British Herbal Pharmacopoeia.)

The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of

India recommends the dried fruit

in malabsorption syndrome.

Animal studies have shown an increase in urine excretion as well as a direct effect on sooth muscle contraction. (German Commission E, ESCOP) Contraindicated in kidney disease. (Sharon M. Herr.)

(In Kerala, Hapushaa and Mundi are considered to be synonyms; Syphaeranthus indicus,Asteraceae, is used as Hapushaa.)

The major constituents of the volatile oil are alpha-pinene, sabinene and alpha-terpinene. Methanolic extract of the plant gave several labdane diterpenoids and diterpenes. The leaves contain the biflavones, cupressuflavone, amentoflavone, hinokiflavone, isocryptomerin and sciadopitysin. The berries also contain condensed tannins. Seeds gave haemagglutinin.

Juniperus recurva Buch-Ham ex D. Don, syn. I. excelsa auct. non-Bieb. (temperate Himalaya from Kashmir to Bhutan) is known as Weeping Blue Juniper. I. macropoda Boiss. (the Hi malaya from Nepal onwards) is known as Himalayan Indian Juniper. Both the species are used like J. communis var. saxatillis.

The berries gave a diterpene ketone, sugrol, beta-sitosterol glucoside and lO-nonacosanol.

Plant extract can be used in tooth- pastes and mouth-rinses to reduce dental plaque and bleeding.

Dosage Dried fruit—2—6 g powder.




Medicinal plants of India ; Ayurveda

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