Herbs - Medicinal plants usage and Identification Data base http://herbs.indianmedicinalplants.info/index.php Tue, 09 Feb 2016 00:50:53 +0000 Joomla! - Open Source Content Management en-gb admin@test.indianmedicinalplants.info (Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants) Medicinal Plants Image Gallery Part 3 http://herbs.indianmedicinalplants.info/index.php/1144-medicinal-plants-image-gallery-part-3 http://herbs.indianmedicinalplants.info/index.php/1144-medicinal-plants-image-gallery-part-3 Medicinal Plants Image Gallery Part 3

 

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aniljoy23@gmail.com (Administrator) Medicinal Plants usage,Picture,details Sun, 22 Nov 2015 20:14:33 +0000
Medicinal Plants Image Gallery Part 2 http://herbs.indianmedicinalplants.info/index.php/1143-medicinal-plants-image-gallery-part-2 http://herbs.indianmedicinalplants.info/index.php/1143-medicinal-plants-image-gallery-part-2 Medicinal Plants Image Gallery Part 2

 

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aniljoy23@gmail.com (Administrator) Medicinal Plants usage,Picture,details Sun, 22 Nov 2015 20:11:46 +0000
Medicinal Plants Image Gallery Part 1 http://herbs.indianmedicinalplants.info/index.php/1142-medicinal-plants-image-gallery-part-1 http://herbs.indianmedicinalplants.info/index.php/1142-medicinal-plants-image-gallery-part-1 Medicinal Plants Image Gallery Part 1

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aniljoy23@gmail.com (Administrator) Medicinal Plants usage,Picture,details Sun, 22 Nov 2015 20:06:58 +0000
Annona muricata - an anti cancerous medicinal plant http://herbs.indianmedicinalplants.info/index.php/1101-annona-muricata-an-anti-cancerous-medicinal-plant http://herbs.indianmedicinalplants.info/index.php/1101-annona-muricata-an-anti-cancerous-medicinal-plant

Annona muricata

 

Annona muricata is a species of the genus Annona of the custard apple tree family, Annonaceae, known mostly for its edible fruit. The fruit is usually called soursop due to its slightly acidic taste when ripe. A. muricata is native to the Caribbean and Central America but is now widely cultivated – and in some areas, becoming invasive – in tropical climates throughout the world.

 Annona muricata

 

Habit

 

Annona muricata is a small, upright, evergreen tree that can grow to about 4 metres (13 ft) tall.

 

Stems and leaves

 

The young branches are hairy.

Leaves are oblong to oval, 8 centimetres (3.1 in) to 16 centimetres (6.3 in) long and 3 centimetres (1.2 in) to 7 centimetres (2.8 in) wide. Glossy dark green with no hairs above, paler and minutely hairy to no hairs below.

The leaf stalks are 4 millimetres (0.16 in) to 13 millimetres (0.51 in) long and without hairs.

 

Flowers

Flower stalks (peduncles) are 2 millimetres (0.079 in) to 5 millimetres (0.20 in) long and woody. They appear opposite from the leaves or as an extra from near the leaf stalk, each with one or two flowers, occasionally a third.

Stalks for the individual flowers (pedicels) are stout and woody, minutely hairy to hairless and 15 millimetres (0.59 in) to 20 millimetres (0.79 in) with small bractlets nearer to the base which are densely hairy.

Petals are thick and yellowish. Outer petals meet at the edges without overlapping and are broadly ovate, 2.8 centimetres (1.1 in) to 3.3 centimetres (1.3 in) by 2.1 centimetres (0.83 in) to 2.5 centimetres (0.98 in), tapering to a point with a heart shaped base. Evenly thick, covered with long, slender, soft hairs externally and matted finely with soft hairs within. Inner petals are oval shaped and overlap. 2.5 centimetres (0.98 in) to 2.8 centimetres (1.1 in) by 2 centimetres (0.79 in). Sharply angled and tapering at the base. Margins are comparatively thin, with fine matted soft hairs on both sides. The receptacle is conical and hairy. Stamens 4.5 millimetres (0.18 in) long and narrowly wedge-shaped. The connective-tip terminate abruptly and anther hollows are unequal. Sepals are quite thick and do not overlap. Carpels are linear and basally growing from one base. The ovaries are covered with dense reddish brown hairs, 1-ovuled, style short and stigma truncate.

 

 

Annona muricata

 

Fruits and reproduction

Dark green, prickly (or bristled) fruits are egg-shaped and can be up to 30 centimetres (12 in) long,[  with a moderately firm texture.  Flesh is juicy, acid, whitish and aromatic.[

Abundant seeds the average weight of 1000 fresh seeds is 470 grams (17 oz) and had an average oil content of 24%.[7] When dried for 3 days in 60 °C (140 °F) the average seed weight was 322 grams (11.4 oz) and were tolerant of the moisture extraction; showing no problems for long-term storage under reasonable conditions

 

Medicinal use

 

An extract from the leaves has been reportedly successful in lowering elevated blood pressure by its decreasing peripheral vascular resistance.

Fruit shows anti cancerous property. It is believe that fruit have significant action in cancerous patients. Patient must ask an expert advice from qualified physician.

 

Annona muricata

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aniljoy23@gmail.com (Administrator) Medicinal Plants usage,Picture,details Wed, 19 Nov 2014 21:24:04 +0000
Alstonia scholaris http://herbs.indianmedicinalplants.info/index.php/992-alstonia-scholaris http://herbs.indianmedicinalplants.info/index.php/992-alstonia-scholaris

Alstonia scholaris R. Br.

Family Apocynaceae.

Alstonia scholaris.jpg


Habitat Throughout moist regions of India, especially in West Bengal and west-coast forests of southern India.

English Devil’s tree, Dita Bark tree. Ayurvedic Saptaparna, Saptachhada, Saptaparni, Saptaahvaa, Vishaaltvak, Shaarada, Vishamchhada.

Unani Chhaatim, Kaasim (Kaasim Roomi, Anjudaan Roomi is equated with Myrrhis odorata Scope.)

Siddha/Tamil Ezhilamippalai, Mukkampalai.

Folk Chhitavan, Sataunaa.

Action Bark—febrifuge, antiperiodic, spasmolytic, antidysenteric, uterine stimulant, hypotensive; used for internal fevers.

Along with other therapeutic applications, The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India indicates the use of stembark in phosphaturia and recommends it as a blood purifier. Alstonia sp. is known as Fever Bark. A. constricta is native to Australia; A. scholaris to Australia and Southeast Asia. The bark of both the species contains indole alkaloids. A. constricta contains reserpine (a hyptotensive agent). A. scholaris contains echitamine, which has also demonstrated hypotensive effects. Though A. scholaris produces fall in the temperature of human patients with fever, there are conflicting reports about the activity of echitamine against Plasmodium berghei.

Dosage Stembark—20—30 g for decoction.

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anil@indianmedicinalplants.info (Medicinal Plants) Medicinal Plants usage,Picture,details Thu, 12 Dec 2013 17:45:52 +0000
Mucuna prurita http://herbs.indianmedicinalplants.info/index.php/991-mucuna-prurita http://herbs.indianmedicinalplants.info/index.php/991-mucuna-prurita

Mucuna prurita Hook.

Synonym M. pruriens Baker non DC.

Family Papilionaceae; Fabaceae.

Mucuna prurita.jpg


Habitat Throughotu India, including Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

English Cowhage, Horse-eye Bean. Ayurvedic Aatmaguptaa, Kapikacchuu, Rshabhi, Adhigandhaa, Ajadaaa, Kacchuraa, Laanguli, Rshyaproktaa, Svaguptaa, Shyaamguptaa, Markati, Kanduraa, Kevaanch, Shuukashimbi.

Unani Konchh.

Siddha/Tamil Poonaikkaali.

Action Seed—astringent, nervine tonic, local stimulant, used in impotence, spermatorrhoea, urinary troubles, leucorrhoea, traditionally used for male virility. Also used in depressive neurosis. Hair on fruit— vermifuge, mild vesicant; used for diseases of liver and gallbladder. Leaf—applied to ulcers. Pod— anthelmintic. Root and fruit—spasmolytic, hypoglycaemic. Root— CNS active.

The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India recommends the seed in impotence and paralysis agitans; the root in vaginal laxity.

The seeds contain the alkaloids, mucunine, mucunadine, mucunadinine, prurieninine, pruriendine and nicotine, besides beta-sitosterol, gluthione, lecithin, vernolic and gallic acids. They contain a number of bioactive substances including tryptamine, alkylamines, steroids, flavonoids, coumarins and cardenolides. L-DOPA is present in the seed as well as in the stem, leaves and roots.

Major constituents of the hairs on the pod are amines such as 5-hydroxy- tryptamine (serotonin), and a proteolytic enzyme mucuanain. (Serotonin was present only in pods.)

Prurieninine slowed down heart rate, lowered blood pressure and stimulated intestinal peristalsis in experiments carried out on frogs. The spasmolysis of smooth muscles was caused by indole bases.

Seed diet produced hypoglycaemic effect in normal rats, however, such diet had insignificant effect on alloxantreated rats.

There is some evidence that Cowhage might be useful for chlorpromazine-induced hyperprolactinemia in men.

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anil@indianmedicinalplants.info (Medicinal Plants) Medicinal Plants usage,Picture,details Thu, 12 Dec 2013 17:43:38 +0000
Mimosa pudica http://herbs.indianmedicinalplants.info/index.php/990-mimosa-pudica http://herbs.indianmedicinalplants.info/index.php/990-mimosa-pudica

Mimosa pudica Linn.

Family Mimosaceae.

Mimosa pudica .jpg

Habitat Native to tropical

America; naturalized in tropical and subtropical regions of India.

English Sensitive-plant, Humble- Plant.

Ayurvedic Lajj aalu, Laaj avanti, Namaskaari, Samangaa, Sankochini, Shamipatraa, Khadirkaa, Raktapaadi.

Unani Chhuimui, Sharmii, Laajwanti.

Siddha/Tamil Thottalsurungi.

Action Leaf—astringent, alterative, antiseptic, styptic, blood purifier. Used for diarrhoea, dysentery, haemophiic conditions, leucorrhoea, morbid conditions of vagina, piles, fistula, hydrocele and glandular swellings. Root—used in gravel and urinary complaints. A decoction is taken to relieve asthma.

The plant contains mimosine and turgorin. The periodic leaf movements exhibited by the plant are due to presence of derivatives of 4-0- (beta-D-glucopyranosyl-6’ -sulphate)

gallic acid. The aerial parts of the plant contain C-glycosylflavones, 2”- 0-rhamnosylorientin and 2”-O- rhamnosylisoorientin.

Dosage Whole plant, root—lO— 20 ml juice; 50—100 ml decoction. (CCRAS.) Whole plant—l0—20 g for decoction.

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anil@indianmedicinalplants.info (Medicinal Plants) Medicinal Plants usage,Picture,details Thu, 12 Dec 2013 17:35:55 +0000
Vitis vinifera http://herbs.indianmedicinalplants.info/index.php/989-vitis-vinifera http://herbs.indianmedicinalplants.info/index.php/989-vitis-vinifera

Vitis vinifera Linn.

 

 

Family Vitaceae.

Vitis vinifera .JPG


Habitat A woody, shrubby vine, cultivated in Punjab, Rajasthan, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu for edible fruits.

English Wine Grape, European Grape. (Chinese: P’u-t’ao.)

Ayurvedic Draakshaa, Go-stani, Mrdvikaa. Dehydrated fruit— Daalth, Munnakaa, Kishmish.

Unani Angoor. Dehydrated

fruit—Daakh, Maweez, Zabeeb,

Munaqqaa, Kishmish.

Siddha Draksha.

Action Dried fruits, seedless— nourishing and invigorating. Used in prescriptions for cough, respiratory tract catarrh, subacute cases of enlarged liver and spleen; and in alcohol-based tonics (Aasavs).

The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India recommends dried mature fruits(5—10 g) in anaemia, jaundice, dyspepsia, constipation, haemorrhagic diseases, gout, cough, dyspnoea, and alcoholism. Grape vine contains flavonoids, tannins, tartrates, inositol, carotenes, choline and sugars. The fruit contains tartaric and malic acids, sugars, pectin,tannin, flavone glycosides, vitamins A,Bi, B2, C and minerals; anthocyaninsin red leaves and red grapes. Anthocyanins reduce capillary permeability. Red leaves are astringent and anti- inflammatory; an infusion is used for diarrhoea, heavy menstrual bleeding and uterine haemorrhage; also in the treatment of varicose veins and haemorrhoids.

Oligomeric proanthocyanidin extract of the seed is used in atherosclerosis due to its free radical scavenging ability, also in venous insufficiency, night vision, oedema due to injury and post surgery oedema.

Proanthocyanidin extract decreased hepatotoxicity of acetaminophen in mice. Grape polyphenols, extracted from skin and seeds decreased hepatic injury from alcohol, but had no effect on ethanol-induced lipid changes in rats. (Sharon M. Herr.)

Dosage Dried mature fruits—5— 10 g.

 

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anil@indianmedicinalplants.info (Medicinal Plants) Medicinal Plants usage,Picture,details Thu, 12 Dec 2013 17:30:46 +0000
Terminalia chebula http://herbs.indianmedicinalplants.info/index.php/988-terminalia-chebula http://herbs.indianmedicinalplants.info/index.php/988-terminalia-chebula

Terminalia chebula Retz.

Family Combretaceae.

Terminalia chebula-1.jpg

Habitat Abundant in Northern India. Also occurs in the forests of Assam, West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, especially in Konkan.

English Chebulic Myrobalan, Black Myrobalan.

Ayurvedic Haritaki, Kaayasthaa, Pathyaa, Shreyasi, Shivaa. (Jivanti,

Puutanaa, Vijayaa, Abhayaa, Rohini, Chetaki, Amritaa—according to

some scholars, these represent seven varieties of Haritaki; now used as synonyms.)

Unani Harad, Halelaa siyaah,

Halelaa zard, Halelaa Kaabuli (varieties).

Siddha/Tamil Kadukkai.

Action Gentle purgative, astringent (unripe fruits are more purgative, ripe ones are more astringent;

sennoside A and anthraquinone glycoside is laxative, tannins are

astringent), stomachic, antibilious, alterative. Used in prescriptions for treating flatulence, constipation, diarrhoea, dysentery, cyst, digestive disorders, vomiting, enlarged liver and spleen, cough and bronchial

asthma, and for metabolic harmony.

Bark—diuretic.

 

Terminalia chebula-2.jpg


The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of In dia, along with other therapeutic applications, indicated the use of powder of mature fruits in intermittent fevers, chronic fevers, anaemia and polyuria.

The fruits of T chebula are used in combination with Emblica officinalis and T. bellirica (under the name Triphalaa) in the treatment of liver and kidney dysfunctions. The main purgative ingredient of Triphalaa is T chebula (the purgative principle is in the pericarp of the fruit).

Shikimic, gallic, triacontanoic and palmitic acids, beta-sitosterol, daucosterol, triethyl ester of chebulic acid and ethyl ester of gallic acid; a new ellagitannin, terchebulin, along with punicalagin and teaflavin A have been iso- lated from the fruits. A new triterpene, chebupentol, and arjungenin, terminoic acid and arjunolic acid were also isolated from the fruit.

Antioxidant constituents of the plant, phloroglucinol and pyrogallol have been isolated along with ferulic, vanillic, p-coumaric and caffeic acids. Ether extract showed higher antioxidant activity than BHA and BHT, Acid esters present in phenolic fraction of extract, were found most effective.

Dosage Pericarp of mature fruit—5—10 g powder.

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anil@indianmedicinalplants.info (Medicinal Plants) Medicinal Plants usage,Picture,details Thu, 12 Dec 2013 17:13:29 +0000
Smilax zeylanica http://herbs.indianmedicinalplants.info/index.php/987-smilax-zeylanica http://herbs.indianmedicinalplants.info/index.php/987-smilax-zeylanica

Smilax zeylanica Linn.

 

 

Family Liliaceae

Smilax zeylanica.JPG


Habitat Tropical parts of India including hifis. Common in eastern Himalayas.

Unani Jangali Ushbaa.

Siddha/Tamil Malai-thaamara.

A powerful anti biotic medicinal plant in ayurveda.

Action Root—used in prescriptions for venereal diseases. Decoction, used for abscesses, boils, swellings and rheumatism; also for dysentery. Used as a substitute for S. ornata.

Diosgenin is reported from the root and leaf.

 

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anil@indianmedicinalplants.info (Medicinal Plants) Medicinal Plants usage,Picture,details Thu, 12 Dec 2013 17:10:24 +0000