Name - निर्गुण्डी

Botanical name - Vitex negundo



Description - Large shrubs or small trees; bark thin, grey. Leaves 3 to 5- foliolate; leaflets lanceolate, grey-pubescent beneath. Flowers blue, in grey pubescent paniculate cymes. Drupe globose.

Chemical Constituents- Plant contains hydroxybenzoic acids, flavonoids, aromatic acids, iridoid. Bark contains vanillic and p- hydroxybenzoic acids. Stem contains flavone glycosides. Leaves contain oil consisting of alpha-pinene, camphene, caryophyllene and citral, 2 alkaloids nishidine and hydrocotylene, acids, amorphous glucoside, iridoid glucoside, phenolic acids, flavonoids casticin, chrysophenol-D, luteolin, iso-orientin, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, sugar. Seeds contain triacontanes, Beta-sitosterol .


Use - Leaves tonic and vermifuge; smoked for relief in catarrh and headache; their decoction employed in medicinal baths for catarrhal and rheumatic affections. Leaves and roots possess tranquilizing effect and form a constituent of many Ayurvedic preparations. Roots tonic, febrifuge, diuretic, used in rheumatism and dyspepsia and as an anthelmintic; also used as a demulcent in dysentery and piles. Flowers also used in diarrhoea, fever and liver complaints

Medicinal plants of India ; Ayurveda

Encyclopedia of Indian Medicinal Plants/Herbs mainly using in Ayurveda with good quality pictures and information like therapeutic usage of Medicinal Plants, cultivation, morphology, habitat, flower characters, Chemical content, parts used, research works etc.

medicinal plants