Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants

Herbs - Medicinal plants usage and Identification Data base

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Tulasi - Ocimum sanctum (O. Tenuiflorum)

Tulasi - Ocimum sanctum (O. Tenuiflorum)


Family Labiatae; Lamiaceae.

Habitat Throughout India; grown in houses, gardens and temples.


 

Ocimum-sanctum-Tulasi


English Holy Basil, Sacred Basil.Ayurvedic Tulasi, Surasaa, Surasa,Bhuutaghni, Suravalli, Sulabhaa,
Manjarikaa, Bahumanjari, Devadundubhi, Apet-raakshasi, Shuulaghni,Graamya, Sulabhaa.


Ocimum-sanctum-Tulasi


Action Leaf—carminative, stomachic,antispasmodic, antiasthmatic,antirheumatic, expectorant, stimulant,hepatoprotective, antiperiodic,antipyretic and diaphoretic.

Seed— used in genitourinary diseases.


 


Ocimum-sanctum-Tulasi

 

Root—antimalarial. Plant—adaptogenic,antistress.

 

Essential oil—
antibacterial, antifungal.


The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India
seed in rhinitis and influenza; the seedin psychological disorders, includingfear-psychosis and obsessions.
Major components of the essentialoil are eugenol, carvacrol, nerol and eugenolmethylether.

 

 

 

Ocimum-sanctum-Tulasi

 

 

Leaves have been reported to contain ursolic acid, apigenin,
luteolin, leaves showed hepato-protective effect
against paracetamol-induced liver damage. The plant extract exhibited antiulcerogenic
property against experimental ulcers. Oral administration of alcoholic extract of leaves lowers blood sugar level in normal, glucose-fed hyperglycaemic


 

Ocimum-sanctum-Tulasi



Administration of the juice of the plant affected a significant reduction in the size of urinary brushite crystals. A study of methanol extract and aqueous suspension of the leaves
showed immunostimulation of humoral immunologic response in albino rats indicating the adaptogenic action
of the plant.


Dosage Seed—1–2 g powder (API,
Vol. IV); plant—12–24 ml infusion


Ocimum-sanctum-Tulasi

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Medicinal plants of India ; Ayurveda

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