- rauwolfia serpentina - Sarpagandha
- KUMKUM - (Crocus sativus- mediinal plant))
- Ayurvedic Anti-Inflammatory Herbs
- Alpinia Galanga - RASANA
- Guduci - Tinospora cordifolia
- Phyllanthus niruri - bhu amalaki / boo amalaki
- datura metel -Dhatura
- Acalypha indica Linn.
- Commiphora mukul / Balsamodendron mukul
- Cressa cretica -Rudravanti
- Solanum trilobatum
Herbs - Medicinal plants usage and Identification Data base
Ficus religiosa Linn.
Family : Moraceae.
Habitat Sub-Himalayan tracts, West Bengal, Central and South
India; planted throughout India an avenue tree.
English Peepal, Bot-tree.
Ayurvedic Ashvattha, Bodhidru, Bodhivrkisha, Sebya, Chalapatra, Gajabhaksha, Kshiradruma, Peeppal.
Siddha/Tamil Arasu, Ashvatham.
Action Bark—astringent, antiseptic, alterative, laxative, haemostatic, vaginal disinfectant (used in diabetes, diarrhoea, leucorrhoea, menorrhagia, nervous disorders; also in skin diseases.) Applied externally on unhealthy ulcers and wounds. Leaves and twigs— laxative.
The bark contains beta-sitosteryl-Dglucoside. Vitamin K, n-octacosanol, methyl oleanolate, lanosterol, stigmasterol, lupen-3-one are reported from the stem bark.
A hypoglycaemic response is reported for beta-sitosterol-D-glucoside obtained from the bark.
Aerial roots are given to women, also used in prescriptions, for inducing conception. The dried fruits are used as a uterine tonic.
The fruits contain 4.9% protein having the essential amino acids, isoleucine and phenylalanine. The chloroform extract of fruits exhibited anti- tumour and antibacterial activities in bioassays. Various plant parts are included in formulations used for menorrhagia, metrorrhagia, blood dysentery, bleeding piles, haematuria and haemorrhages.
Dosage Bark, fruit—50—100 ml decoction.