Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants

Herbs - Medicinal plants usage and Identification Data base

Herbs - Medicinal plants usage and Identification Data base

Jacaranda acutifolia (NILI GULMOHAR)

 

Jacaranda acutifolia (NILI GULMOHAR) auct. non-Humb. & Bonpl.

Synonym   J. mimosifolia D. Don J. ovalifolia R. Br.


Family Bignoniaceae
.



Habitat  Cultivated in Indian gardens.



Folk/UNANI :  Nili-gulmohar.
Action  Leaves’ volatile oil—applied to buboes. Leaves and bark of the plant—used for syphilis and blennorrhagia. An infusion of the bark is employed as a lotion for ulcers. The leaves contain jacaranone, verbascoside and phenylacetic-beta-glucoside along with a glucose ester, jacaranose.
Flavonoid scutellarein and its -glucuronide, and hydroquinones were also isolated. Fruits contain betasitosterol, ursolic acid and hentriacontane; stem bark gave lupenone and beta-sitosterol. The flowers contain an anthocyanin. In Pakistan, the flowers are sold as a substitute for the Unani herb Gul-e- Gaozabaan. The lyophylized aqueous extract of
the stem showed a high and broad antimicrobial activity against human
urinary tract bacteria, especially Pseudomonas sp. The fatty acid, jacarandic acid, isolated from the seed oil, was found to
be a strong inhibitor of prostaglandin biosynthesis in sheep.


J. rhombifolia G. F. W. May., syn.
J. filicifolia D. Don is grown in Indian
gardens. Extracts of the plant show insecticidal properties. Several species of Jacaranda are used for syphilis in Brazil and other parts of South America under the names carobin, carabinha etc. A crystalline substance, carobin, besides resins, acids and caroba balsam, has been isolated from them.

 

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Medicinal plants of India ; Ayurveda

Encyclopedia of Indian Medicinal Plants/Herbs mainly using in Ayurveda with good quality pictures and information like therapeutic usage of Medicinal Plants, cultivation, morphology, habitat, flower characters, Chemical content, parts used, research works etc.

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