- Red-Stemmed Wild Grape - ampelocissus indica Medicinal use
- बबूल के औषधिया प्रयोग - (babool or Acacia arabica Medicinal uses in hindi )
- अशोक वृक्ष - Saraca asoca (विवरण, फायदे,uses in Hindi)
- Moringa oleifera (Drumstick tree)
- Double Coconut, sea coconut or Coco de mer Medicinal uses
- Bhandira (Clerodendrum infortunatum) Medicinal uses
- Priyangu (Callicarpa macrophylla) Medicinal use
- Pudina (Mentha piperita) Medicinal uses
- Jupha (Hyssopus officinalis) Medicinal uses
- Country borage (Parnayavani-Plectranthus amboinicus) Medicinal uses
Herbs - Medicinal plants usage and Identification Data base
Gorakshaganja (Aerva lanata) Medicinal uses
Gorakshaganja (Aerva lanata)
Gorakshaganja- Aerva lanata is a plant mentioned in Ayurveda for the treatment of renal calculi, retention of urine, cough and sore throat. The plant has promise on anti HIV activity.
Latin name- Aerva lanata Juss.
Names in different languages:
Hindi name: Gorakhbuti or Kapuri jadi, Gorakshaganja, Gorkhabundi, Kapurijidi, chaya.
English name: Mountain knot grass
Bengali name: Chaya
Kannada name: Bilesuli, Bilihindi soppu
Malayalam name: Cherula, Cerula, Ceruvuta
Marathi name: Kapuri-madhura, Kapurmadhura, Kumrapindi , Kapurphuti
Punjabi name: Bui-kaltan (flowers as sold in bazaars)
Tamil name: Sirru -pulay –vayr, Cerupulai, Poolai
Telugu name: Pindi-kura, Pindi-chettu, Pindiuttu, Kondapindichettu
Gujarathi name – Bur, Kapurimadhuri
Assamese name – Bameha
Spanish name- Sanguinaria de cuba
Deccan name – Khul-Khul
Pashanabheda- That which destroys the stones
Morphology of Aerva lanata
Aerva lanata is a common weed which grows wild everywhere in the plains of India. The root has a camphor-like aroma. The flowers are seen as clusters and are pale green in color. The dried flowers which look like soft spikes, are sold under the commercial names as Buikallan or Boor. The fruits and flowers are seen in the month of November to January. This herb is taken as a variety of Pashanabheda in South India.
In axillary spicate clusters; white. Flowering from November-April.
A membranous urticle; seed inverse. Fruiting December onwards.
Leaves closely alternate, appear decussate.
Medicinal Properties of Gorakshaganja:
Rasa (Taste) – Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)
Guna (Qualities) – Laghu (Light for digestion), Teekshna (Strong)
Vipaka – Katu (Undergoes Pungent taste after digestion)
Veerya (Potency) – Ushna (Hot)
Prabhava (Special action)- Ashmari bhedana (Destroys the stones)
Karma (Actions) – Kaphavata shamaka (reduces vitiated kapha and vata dosha)
Part used- Root
Dosage- 50 to 100 ml of decoction
Goraksha ganja (Aerva lanata) grows throughout India in the plains upto 1000mts on the hills,Ceylon, Arabia,tropical Africa, Java, Philippines.
Chemical composition of Aerva lanata:
The plant contains palmitic acid, beta-sitosterol and alpha-amyrin. The flowering and fruiting parts contained hemicellulose, starch an acid- soluble polysaccharide & H2o soluble polysaccharides, monosaccharide contents of polysaccharides determined.
गोरक्षगञ्जा तुरा सतित्ता, लघ्वी च तीक्ष्णा परमोष्णवीर्या।
कफार्त्ति मूत्रविरेचनीया, प्रभावतोऽप्यश्मरिनाशनी स्यात् ॥ ( द्र. गु. वि)
Uses of Gorakshaganja:
The decoction of the root of Aerva lanata is given in a dose of 50-60 ml to treat renal calculi and retention of urine.
Cold infusion of the whole plant is given in a dose of 30-40 ml to treat cough and sore throat.
The dried leaf and flowers of Gorakshaganja are burnt and the smoke coming from it is used for inhalation to treat asthma and chronic cough.
The paste of the plant is applied over forehead to treat headache.
The paste of the root is made into decoction and given in a dose of 30 ml to treat gonorrhea.
The cold infusion of the root of Aerva lanata is given to pregnant women as tonic to improve the body strength.